If you suspect that you or someone you know is affected by the Triad, you should make an appointment with a sports medicine physician familiar with the Triad or your regular doctor if you do not know of a sports medicine doctor. Usually, the doctor will order laboratory tests to evaluate hormone function and, sometimes, a bone density test. If the athlete has a suspected stress fracture, x-rays and, possibly, an MRI may be performed. The mainstay of treatment of the Triad is increasing calorie intake to improve energy availability. Significant improvements in bone density are seen with improved calorie intake and weight gain, although the decreased bone density associated with the triad is not always completely correctable. Improving energy availability also restores normal menstrual function. Even though taking an oral contraceptive pill ("The Pill") will allow the athlete to have normal periods, it is unlikely to improve bone density.
A dietician can help the athlete determine how many calories they need to eat each day and if they are missing any important nutrients in their diet.
Athletes who meet the criteria for eating disorder will need treatment with a therapist or psychologist who specializes in eating disorders.
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